Keynotes

Monday, May 5, 2014 (13:30 - 14:30)

Future On-board networks in space systems

Olivier Notebaert, Airbus Defence and Space, France

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Olivier Notebaert is expert in on-board processing architecture for the Space Systems division of Airbus Defence and Space (formerly Astrium). He has a 28 years' experience as data systems engineer on various space programs including observation, science and telecommunications satellites, the International Space Station, the Ariane 5 launcher and planetary exploration programs. From this experience, he has strongly committed himself in promoting the usage of international standards and generic architectures on future space systems.

Since 2009, Olivier Notebaert leads a group performing advanced R&T studies for developing future solutions on embedded real-time on board data processing and software. He is one of the key industrial contributors to the European Committee for Space Standardisation (ECSS) for on-boards data communications for on board digital interfaces such as Mil-Std-1553B, CAN bus and SpaceWire networks.

Abstract. There are many types of spacecraft such as satellites for science, observation or telecommunications in near Earth orbit, inter-planetary probes, launchers, in-orbit infrastructures and their service vehicles or rovers for planetary surface exploration. All these vehicles require on board data management systems including on-board communications between computers, memories, sensors and actuators. Since the cost to adapt a technology to space is rather high with a limited market, Space Agencies and Industry have developed a technology harmonization strategy focusing a limited set of standard solutions selected for their ability to cover generic needs, and to develop adaptations to the space environment specific constraints. Mil-Std-1553 and SpaceWire are today the most commonly used standards on current spacecraft but a higher bandwidth data communication network with good deterministic properties will be required for future applications such as for instance Ariane 6, manned space vehicles or the next generation of satellite platforms. On-going development are now focusing the adaptation to space of solutions based on Switched Ethernet which are successfully used in other critical application domains such as aeronautics.

 

Tuesday, May 6, 2014 (13:30 - 14:30)

From Fieldbus to Automation Cloud. Industrial Communication Systems over two decades

Peter Neumann, Ifak Magdeburg, Germany

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Prof. Peter Neumann received Ph.D. in 1971 from Technical University of Merseburg, Germany, for Contribution to Simulation and optimal Control of Chemical reactors; received Habilitation in 1981 from Technical University of Chemnitz, Germany, for contributions to Development and Engineering of Distributed Computer Control Systems. Peter Neumann was a System Architect and served at times as the Head of R&D Department at Geraete und Regler Werke, Teltow, Germany, from 1971 to 1981. He was also Department Head of the Department of Automatic Control at the Technical University of Magdeburg, Germany, during the period of 1981 – 1990.

From 1990 to 2004, he was the founding head of the Institute for Control Engineering, University Magdeburg. Peter Neumann established in 1991 an independent non-profit research institute (ifak- Institut fuer Automation und Kommunikation), Magdeburg, Germany. The Institute is involved in fundamental & applied research in the fields of Industrial Communications, DCS, Information Management, and Intelligent Transport Systems. He was the Head of the Institute until 2004. Peter Neumann was responsible for the conceptual design and R&D of the first East European SCADA system “audatec”, in the 1970s; established a research area of Industrial Communications and Distributed Computer Control Systems (fundamental and applied research) at the Technical University of Magdeburg in the 1980s; was responsible for the specification efforts of the Fieldbus concepts “PROFIBUS/PROFINET” at PROFIBUS International - Chairman of Technical Committee “Communication Profiles", a member of the Advisory Board, between 1990-2006; Honorary Member (since 2006); also a member of the IEC SC65 WG ”Fieldbus” (at times); Member of the Board of Directors, Deputy Chairman, at Research Society Computer Automation FGCA (2000 – 2006); Member of the Advisory Board of the German Society for Application of Microelectronics, DFAM, (1993 – 2005); Member of the Board of Directors of the German Society of Applied Computer Science, GFaI, (2001 - 2006). Peter Neumann received the VDI Gruson Award (2003) and the 2012 ABB Lifetime Contribution to Factory Automation Award.

Abstract. The presentation starts with a short excursion into the history of Computer Control Systems and the resulting requirements on Industrial Communication Networks. The introduction of Fieldbus systems has been associated with a change of paradigm to deploy distributed industrial automation systems, emphasizing device’s autonomy, decentralized decision-making and control loops. There are many wired and wireless industrial-specific protocols used in industrial automation, manufacturing and process control applications. During the last decade, a large community was inventing the usage of Ethernet-based local communication systems in this domain ensuring the real-time, safe and secure behaviour of these systems. Nowadays, scenarios of geographically distributed production plants or services require the use of heterogeneous networks consisting of local and wide area, and wired and wireless communication systems operated by different authorities. Thus, behaviour has to be supplemented by context awareness realised by location-based communication services and context- sensitive applications. Based on the concept of Virtual Automation Networks, this keynote will discuss ongoing activities in the field of using heterogeneous networks within the automation domain.