Context Presentation

The 5G evolution is the key driving factor that provides promising support for efficient V2X (Vehicle to everything) communications. Various applications with different requirements have been designed on vehicular networks to improve the driving experience by offering multiple services. In this thesis, we are interested by safety-critical applications and focus on collision avoidance systems between vehicles and pedestrians. This type of applications imposes strict reliability, wide connectivity, and a minimum end to end delay requirements. The high dynamic topology and the different types of communication technologies raise up challenges such as scalability, heterogeneity, and high traffic load to handle.

We have chosen MEC (Multiple Access/Mobile Edge Computing) that offers direct communication exchange between the mobile nodes (vehicles and pedestrians) and the network Infrastructure and used the Network Slicing mechanism to separate the critical vehicular traffic with high priority and strict requirements from other traffic. In our scenario a network congestion risk while vehicles and pedestrians send their BSM and CAM messages to the network infrastructure. Indeed, periodical transmissions could be unnecessary or harmful especially when the network density is high. Therefore, an intelligent scheme should be developed to adapt the transmission frequency of these messages to a network server without overloading the network, while considering the dynamic network state.

The main contribution of our work is to exploit the rich environment Information and analyze those data to take future decisions and to predict the network state to decrease the traffic load and finally to meet the objective requirements. Thus, we argue for the use of advanced Machine Learning techniques to learn from the available network data and take the appropriate action by choosing the best parameters' configuration.

 Architecture - Chaima Zoghlami


Autonomous vehicles, V2X Communications, Resource Allocation, Network Slicing, MEC, Machine Learning

Scientific goal

•    Improve the performance of V2X Communications in the context of critical road safety applications.