ICS Team


The Interactive Critical Systems (ICS) team at IRIT carries out research centered in the field of Human-Computer Interaction with a specific on the engineering of interactive systems. The mains scientific contributions deal with notations, processes and tools for the design, implementation and evaluation of interactive systems thus having a strong bias towards software engineering or more specifically the validation and verification aspects of interactive systems and technologies. ICS team focusses on the integration of multiple and sometimes conflicting properties such as usability, user experience, dependability and safety.

We have a long-term experience in safety critical application domains including:

Beyond these well-known safety critical domains, we address domains where the potential costs of a failure is much higher that development costs. This includes application domains such as large web applications, mass-market systems such as home entertainment and computer games, and more recently health applications such as rehabilitation training platforms.

ICS team is renowned internationally for its research in HCI with the presidency of the IFIP Technical Committee TC13 on Human Computer Interaction. Beyond, some of the ICS team members have a major participation in the ACM SIGCHI leadership with long lasting involvement in its Executive Committee and via the chairing of the steering committee of ACM CHI conference series.

We regularly welcome visiting scientists to collaborate with us. Examples of recent visits are:

  • Andy Cockburn and Carl Gutwin for the design of safe touch interactions in the cockpit
  • Georgia Lallai and Davide Spano for the engineering of task-model based augmented reality for initial training in the cockpit

ICS team manages the master in HCI of the University of Toulouse III created in 2000 and co-accredited with ENAC.


Human-machine interaction
Interactive systems engineering
Critical interactive systems
formal methods
verification and validation

Members team

Permanent members
Non-permanent members
External members

publications team

International journals articles
  • Ismail Mendil, Yamine Aït-Ameur, Neeraj Kumar Singh, Guillaume Dupont, Dominique Méry, Philippe Palanque

    Formal domain-driven system development in Event-B: Application to interactive critical systems

    Journal of Systems Architecture, 2023, 135, pp.102798. ⟨10.1016/j.sysarc.2022.102798⟩

    Accès: https://inria.hal.science/hal-03904803

  • Sebastian S. Feger, Felix Ehrentraut, Christopher Katins, Philippe Palanque, Thomas Kosch

    HCI for general aviation: current state and research challenges

    Interactions, 2022, 29 (6), pp.60-65. ⟨10.1145/3564040⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03855018

  • Célia Martinie, David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Eric Barboni, Sandra Steere

    Engineering Operations-based Training

    Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction , 2022, ACM Journals, 6 : EICS (Article 164), pp.1-25. ⟨10.1145/3534518⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03703942

  • Marco Winckler, Philippe Palanque, Jean-Luc Hak, Eric Barboni, Olivier Nicolas, Laurent Goncalves

    Engineering Annotations: A Generic Framework For Gluing Design Artefacts in Models of Interactive Systems

    Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction , In press, Journal PACM EICS series, EICS 2022

    Accès: https://inria.hal.science/hal-03657095

  • Neeraj Kumar Singh, Yamine Aït-Ameur, Ismail Mendil, Dominique Méry, David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Marc Pantel

    F3FLUID: A formal framework for developing safety‐critical interactive systems in FLUID

    Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, In press, ⟨10.1002/smr.2439⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03617603

  • Alexandre Canny, Célia Martinie, David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Eric Barboni, Christine Gris

    Engineering Model-Based Software Testing of WIMP Interactive Applications: A Process based on Formal Models and the SQUAMATA Tool

    Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction , 2021, 5 (EICS, article 207), pp.1-30. ⟨10.1145/3461729⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03376229

  • Mathias Funk, Rong-Hao Liang, Philippe Palanque, Jun Hu, Panos Markopoulos

    Designing and Engineering Interactive Computing Systems

    Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction , 2021, 5 (EICS, article 193), pp.1-4. ⟨10.1145/3457140⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03376227

  • Neeraj Kumar Singh, Yamine Aït-Ameur, Romain Geniet, Dominique Méry, Philippe Palanque

    On the Benefits of Using MVC Pattern for Structuring Event-B Models of WIMP Interactive Applications

    Interacting with Computers, 2021, ⟨10.1093/iwcomp/iwab016⟩

    Accès: https://inria.hal.science/hal-03224780

  • Giorgia Lallai, Giovanni Loi Zedda, Célia Martinie, Philippe Palanque, Mauro Pisano, Lucio Davide Spano

    Engineering Task-based Augmented Reality Guidance: Application to the Training of Aircraft Flight Procedures

    Interacting with Computers, 2021, pp.iwab007. ⟨10.1093/iwcomp/iwab007⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03198857

  • David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Sven Coppers, Kris Luyten, Davy Vanacken

    Model-based Engineering of Feedforward Usability Function for GUI Widgets

    Interacting with Computers, 2021, 33 (1), pp.73-91. ⟨10.1093/iwcomp/iwab014⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03376225

  • National journals articles
    Special issues of journal
    International conferences articles
  • Sandra Steere, Eric Barboni, Célia Martinie, David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Daniel Rodriguez-Hernando, Francesc Tinto

    Operator-centered and model-based design for critical HMIS

    3rd Ground-Based Space Facilities Symposium (GBSF 2022), Dec 2022, Marseille, France. pp.1-9

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03905124

  • Philippe Palanque

    User Tasks Description: a Retrospective, Recent Contributions and some Research Challenges @ RoCHI 2020

    17th International Conference on Human–Computer Interaction (RoCHI 2020), Oct 2022, Sibiu, Romania. pp.1-4, ⟨10.37789/rochi.2020.1.1.1⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03857822

  • Célia Martinie, Philippe Palanque, Marco Winckler

    Usability and User Experience are not Enough: Gaps to Fill to Design for and Assess Well-Being and Engagement

    VIII Iberoamerican Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2022, Oct 2022, La Havane, Cuba. pp.1-14

    Accès: https://inria.hal.science/hal-03811274

  • Jose Manuel Negrete Ramírez, Célia Martinie, Philippe Palanque, Yudith Cardinale

    A task-model based approach for detecting ADL-related anomalies

    10th International Workshop on e-Health Pervasive Wireless Applications and Service @ WiMob 2022, IEEE ComSoc, Oct 2022, Thessaloniki, Greece. pp.57-62, ⟨10.1109/WiMob55322.2022.9941688⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03862889

  • Maxime Savary-Leblanc, Xavier Le Pallec, Philippe Palanque, Célia Martinie, Arnaud Blouin, Frédéric Jouault, Mickaël Clavreul, Thibault Raffaillac

    Mining human factors general trends from +100k UML class diagrams

    25th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (MODELS 2022), ACM SIGSOFT: Special Interest Group on Software Engineering; IEEE, Sep 2022, Montréal, Québec, Canada. pp.913-922, ⟨10.1145/3550356.3559098⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03855035

  • Sara Nikula, Célia Martinie, Philippe Palanque, Julius Hekkala, Outi-Marja Latvala, Kimmo Halunen

    Models-Based Analysis of Both User and Attacker Tasks: Application to EEVEHAC

    9th IFIP WG 13.2 International Working Conference on Human-Centered Software Engineering (HCSE 2022), Aug 2022, Eindhoven, Netherlands. pp.70-89, ⟨10.1007/978-3-031-14785-2_5⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03772286

  • Maroua Tikat, Aline Menin, Michel Buffa, Marco Winckler

    Engineering Annotations to Support Analytical Provenance in Visual Exploration Processes

    ICWE 2022 – 22nd International Conference of Web Engineering, Jul 2022, Bari, Italy. pp.1-16, ⟨10.1007/978-3-031-09917-5_14⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03779349

  • Juan Enrique Garrido, Philippe Palanque, Aaron Quigley, Marco Winckler

    Engineering Awareness in Interfaces: Focus on Automation and Visualization

    14th ACM SIGCHI Symposium on Engineering Interactive Computing Systems (EICS 2022), ACM SIGCHI: Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, Jun 2022, Sophia Antipolis, France. pp.54-58, ⟨10.1145/3531706.3536453⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03855027

  • Eva Geurts, Gustavo Rovelo Ruiz, Kris Luyten, Steven Houben, Benjamin Weyers, An Jacobs, Philippe Palanque

    HCI and worker well-being in manufacturing industry

    International Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2022), Sapienza Università di Roma, Jun 2022, Frascati, Italy. pp.1-2, ⟨10.1145/3531073.3535257⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03854927

  • Philippe Palanque

    How to Design and Assess Automation for Interactive Applications and Interaction Techniques (Extended Abstract)

    ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2022), ACM, May 2022, New Orleans, LA, United States. pp.1-3, ⟨10.1145/3491101.3503769⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-03855026

  • National conferences articles
  • Philippe Palanque, Célia Martinie de Almeida, Fayollas Camille

    Automation: danger or opportunity? Designing and assessing automation for interactive systems (CHI 2017)

    CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2017), ACM SIGCHI: ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, May 2017, Denver, Colorado, United States. pp.1257-1260, ⟨10.1145/3027063.3027115⟩

    Accès: https://hal.science/hal-02875050

  • Conferences articles without published proceedings
    Books Books edition Books parts
    Thesis and HDR
    Reports Other publications

    Contracts team

    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    TEAM-UP Ingénierie des systèmes interactifs intelligents d’entrainement Celia MARTINIE DE ALMEIDA
    2022 – 2026
    [Contract completed]
    autre Personal Information Management though Internet Andreas HERZIG
    Marco Antonio WINCKLER
    2010 – 2013
    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    Fly Higher
    [Contract completed]
    autre FLY HIGHER – Shaping the new evolving generation of aeronautic professionals Philippe PALANQUE
    2012 – 2014
    [Contract completed]
    autre Higher Automation Levels in ATM PHD Effective automation in ATM Philippe PALANQUE
    2011 – 2016
    [Contract completed]
    autre Higher Automations Levels in Air Traffic Management Philippe PALANQUE
    2010 – 2014
    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    Thursday 14 January 2021, 14h00
    Notation et processus outillé pour la description, l’analyse et la compréhension de l’automatisation dans les systèmes de commande et contrôle
    Elodie BOUZEKRI – Team ICS, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, Salle des thèses et en visioconférence
    Thursday 18 July 2019, 14h00
    Ingénierie des annotations pour le support de processus de conception de systèmes interactifs: une approche basée modèle et outillée
    Jean-Luc HAK – Team ICS, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Salle des Thèses
    Friday 14 December 2018, 8h00
    Identification systématique et représentation des erreurs humaines dans les modèles de tâches
    Racim Mehdi FAHSSI – Team ICS – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 18 October 2017, 9h15
    Une approche pour l’ingénierie des systèmes interactifs critiques multimodaux et multi-utilisateurs : Application à la prochaine génération de cockpit d’aéronefs
    Martin CRONEL – Team ICS – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 3 May 2017, 10h30
    Apport d’une conception centrée utilisateur adaptée selon les besoins des personnes en situation de handicap
    Damien SAUZIN – Team ELIPSE – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Tuesday 21 July 2015, 10h00
    Generic Software Architecture and Model-Based Approach for the Dependability of Critical Interactive Systems
    Camille FAYOLLAS – Team ICS – IRIT LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse
    Thursday 7 May 2015, 10h00
    A multi-modelS based approach for the modelling and the analysis of usable and resilient partly autonomous interactive systems
    Martina RAGOSTA – Team ICS – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 17 December 2014, 10h00
    Définition d’un langage et d’une méthode pour la description et la spécification d’IHM post-W.I.M.P. pour les cockpits interactifs
    Arnaud HAMON – Team ICS – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Monday 26 June 2017 – Friday 30 June 2017
    École Jeunes Chercheurs en Programmation 2017 (EJCP 2017)
    INP-ENSEEIHT, Toulouse
    #congres Know more
    Wednesday 30 September 2015 – Friday 2 October 2015
    5th International Conference on Application and Theory of Automation in Command and Control Systems
    UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT
    #congres Know more
    Tuesday 1 July 2014 – Friday 4 July 2014
    ICWE 2014 : International Conference on Web Engineering
    UT1 Capitole
    #congres Know more
    Saturday 26 April 2014 – Thursday 1 May 2014
    CHI 2014 : 32nd ACM International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
    Toronto (Canada)
    #congres Know more
    Wednesday 8 March 2023, 14h00 – 15h30
    Talking ‘bout my Generation … or not?: The Digital Technology Life Experiences of Older People
    Helen PETRIE – University of York (Royaume-Uni) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Salle des Thèses
    Tuesday 13 July 2021, 15h30 – 16h30
    It Seems (Un)Fair to Me…Users’ perception of algorithmic fairness: a framework and a case study
    Tsvii KUFLIK – University of Haifa (Israel) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Salle 001
    Tuesday 9 April 2019, 15h00 – 16h00
    Amplification of the Human Mind and Intervention User Interfaces: New Interaction Paradigms in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
    Albrecht SCHMIDT – Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Allemagne) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Thursday 15 May 2014, 15h30
    Ensuring Aviation Safety: Verification of Interactions between Automated Systems and Humans
    Neha Shyam RUNGTA – NASA Ames Research Center, California (Etats-Unis) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 1 July 2020, 15h00
    Model-Based Engineering of Critical Large Scale Socio-Technical Systems: Contributions and Future Directions
    Celia MARTINIE DE ALMEIDA – Team ICS, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Wednesday 13 July 2016, 15h00
    Engineering Interactive Systems across application domains
    Marco Antonio WINCKLER – Team ICS – IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand