Head :  Frédéric MIGEON

The SMAC group is interested in modelling and solving complex problems using multi-agent technology. Complex systems are systems in which a great number of entities are interacting in a local manner and their evolution can only be predicted by experiment or simulation. In other words despite a perfect knowledge of the basic components of the system, no program able to predict its behaviour and shorter than the one describing the system in an exhaustive way is known. Controling the behaviour of such systems which contain non-linearities coming from feedback loops, as well as a coupling between levels (the system macro-level is produced by entities of the micro-level but it also constrains this micro-level) is the aim of our research works (illustrated by several PhD thesis, projects and applications)..

These works deal with six topics that are strongly connected by concepts such as adaptation, self-organisation and emergence.

  • Self-adaptation. The adaptive behaviour of a system enables it to react when interacting with a dynamic environment, either to get on with performing its task, or for improving its functioning [Robertson, 2000]. The challenge is then to conciliate the system autonomy with respect to unexpected situations and the required control a human being has to have on them.
  • Self-organisation, Cooperation and Emergence. Self-organisation is a mechanism or process that enables a system to change its organisation during its functioning without any explicit external control[A. Di Marzo, M.P. Gleizes, A. Karageorgos, TFGSO 2005]. In a multi-agent system, self-organisation is expressed by changing the organisation between agents. The challenge is therefore to find the local behaviours of agents (laws at the individual level), the rules of agents that implement self-organisation and that enable to design systems that are functionally adequate. The functional adequacy is the positive judgment adopted by final users about the system activity.
  • Design and Modelling. This topic aim is to improve and provide assistance for developing applications based on cooperative agents.
  • Simulation. Problematics of this topic is to study and develop tools and methods for exploring models. On the long view, the aim is to notably integrate tools required to study emergent properties into a platform for multi-agent simulation.
  • Collective Solving of Problems. The aim is to study how adaptive multi-agent systems provide a new solution for solving multi-objective, multi-discipline and multi-scale problems. This approach permits, in a dynamic environment, to offer a new configuration from a previous solution while minimising the endogenous modifications and, most of all, without starting again a new solving with every disruption.


Complex Systems
Adaptive Multi-Agent Systems
Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation
Agent-Oriented Software Engineering
Coordination in Multi-Agent Universes

Members team

Permanent members
Non-permanent members

publications team

International journals articles
  • Maxime Delmas, Valérie Camps, Céline Lemercier

    Effects of environmental, vehicle and human factors on comfort in partially automated driving: A scenario-based study

    Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 2022, 86, pp.392-401. ⟨10.1016/j.trf.2022.03.012⟩


  • Amélie Monfort, Marion Amalric, Nicolas Becu, Brice Anselme, Elise Beck, Xavier Bertin, Stéphane Costa, Ahmed Laatabi, Olivier Maquaire, Nicolas Marilleau, Cécilia Pignon-Mussau, Frédéric Rousseaux

    Analyser la réception sociale du recul stratégique face au risque de submersion marine en Camargue et en Normandie à travers une expérience simulée

    Bulletin de l’Association de géographes français, 2022, 98 (3/4), pp.530-545. ⟨10.4000/bagf.8639⟩


  • Frédéric Amblard, Amal El Fallah-Seghrouchni, Benoit Gaudou, Chihab Hanachi

    Systèmes multi-agents

    Techniques de l’Ingénieur – Technologies logicielles, Architectures des systèmes, 2021, TIP402WEB (h5020), ⟨10.51257/a-v1-h5020⟩


  • Mehdi Saqalli, Amadou Hamath Diallo, Doryan Kaced, Mahamadou Belem, Raoul Iopue, Yayé Moussa, Axel Ducourneau, Benoit Gaudou

    Cartographie sémantique par zonage à dires d’acteurs : Le Ferlo (Sénégal) et l’observatoire de Tessekere

    VertigO : La Revue Électronique en Sciences de l’Environnement, 2021, 21 (2), ⟨10.4000/vertigo.32655⟩


  • Sylvie Trouilhet, Jean-Paul Arcangeli, Jean-Michel Bruel, Maroun Koussaifi

    Model-Driven Engineering for End-Users in the Loop in Smart Ambient Systems

    Journal of Universal Computer Science, 2021, Advances and Challenges for Model and Data Engineering, 27 (7), pp.755 – 773. ⟨10.3897/jucs.70515⟩


  • Filipo Studzinski Perotto, Imen Trabelsi, Stéphanie Combettes, Valérie Camps, Elsy Kaddoum, Nicolas Verstaevel

    Deciding when to Quit the Gambler’s Ruin Game with Unknown Probabilities

    International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 2021, 137, pp.16-33. ⟨10.1016/j.ijar.2021.06.013⟩


  • Davide Guastella, Guilhem Marcillaud, Cesare Valenti

    Edge-Based Missing Data Imputation in Large-Scale Environments

    Information, 2021, 12 (5), pp.195. ⟨10.3390/info12050195⟩


  • Imen Trabelsi, Filipo Studzinski Perotto, Usman Malik

    Training universal background models with restricted data for speech emotion recognition

    Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s12652-021-03200-1⟩


  • Kevin Chapuis, Isabelle Ruin, Alexis Drogoul, Thi Thu Trang Ngo, Benoit Gaudou, Tien Dung Tran Ngoc

    Vulnérabilité face aux catastrophes naturelles : comportements de mise en protection et gestion de l’évacuation en cas de crue rapide

    FAP : La Francophonie en Asie-Pacifique, 2021, Environnement et développement durable en Asie du Sud-Est, 6 (2020) (6), pp.1-18


  • Valérie Camps, Stéphanie Combettes, Teddy Bouziat

    SApHESIA: An agent-based model and a criticality-based heuristic for cooperatively coupling SoSs

    Science of Computer Programming, 2020, Part of special issue: SI: Software-Intensive Systems of Systems 2018, 200 (Suppl. C), pp.102533. ⟨10.1016/j.scico.2020.102533⟩


  • National journals articles
  • Christophe Sibertin-Blanc

    Une analyse formelle du jeu des acteurs autour du projet de barrage de Sivens

    Natures Sciences Sociétés, 2018, 26 (3), pp.291-307. ⟨10.1051/nss/2018041⟩


  • Marcos Aurélio Santos da Silva, Neíza Cristina Santos Batista, Sonise dos Santos Medeiros, Deise Maria Oliveira Galvãod

    Análise do empoderamento da sociedade civil no Território Rural Sul Sergipano por meio da Análise Estratégica

    Revista em Gestão, Inovação e Sustentabilidade, 2017, 3 (1), pp.101-118. ⟨10.18472/ReGIS.v3n1.2017.25642⟩


  • National journals articles
    Special issues of journal
    International conferences articles
    Conferences articles without published proceedings
  • Chi Quang Truong, Alexis Drogoul, Benoit Gaudou, Patrick Taillandier, Nghi Huynh Quang, Arthur Brugière, Ha Thi Thu Nguyen, Philip Minderhoud, Etienne Espagne

    LUCAS-GEMMES : Integrated dynamics of adaptation strategies in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta

    Woillez, Marie-Noël; Espagne, Etienne. The Mekong Delta Emergency, Climate and Environmental Adaptation Strategies to 2050 – Final Report GEMMES Viet Nam project, part 3, , pp.207-239, 2022, GEMMES rapport COP 27


  • Nicolas Verstaevel, Koen van Dam

    Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XXII: 22nd International Workshop, MABS 2021, Virtual Event, May 3-7, 2021, Revised Selected Papers

    Koen H. Van Dam; Nicolas Verstaevel. Springer International Publishing, 13128, 195 p., 2022, Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS), 978-3-030-94547-3. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-94548-0⟩


  • Chi Quang Truong, Benoit Gaudou, Patrick Taillandier, Alexis Drogoul, Etienne Espagne, Nghi Huynh Quang, Trung Hieu Nguyen, Thi Thanh Nga Pham, Thao Hong Nguyen

    Adaptation strategies in the Mekong delta

    Etienne Espagne. Climate change in Viet Nam; Impacts and adaptation. A COP26 assessment report of the GEMMES Viet Nam project, pp.441-475, 2021


  • Leandro Antonelli, Guy Camilleri, C. Challiol, A. Fernandez, M. Hozikian, R. Giandini, J. Grigera, A. Lliteras, J. Martin, D. Torres, Pascale Zaraté

    An Extension to Scenarios to Deal with Business Cases for the Decision-Making Processes in the Agribusiness Domain

    Agriculture Value Chain – Challenges and Trends in Academia and Industry, 280, Springer, pp.35-50, 2021, Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC), 978-3-030-51046-6. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-51047-3_3⟩


  • Arthur Brugière, Minh Duc Pham, Kevin Chapuis, Alexis Drogoul, Benoit Gaudou, Arnaud Grignard, Nicolas Marilleau, Nguyen-Huu Tri

    Experimenting the Impact of Pedestrianisation on Urban Pollution Using Tangible Agent-Based Simulations: Application to Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Vietnam

    Mohd Hafiz Mohd; Md Yushalify Misro; Syakila Ahmad; Doanh Nguyen Ngoc. Modelling, Simulation and Applications of Complex Systems : CoSMoS 2019, Penang, Malaysia, April 8-11, 2019, 359, Springer, Singapore, pp.43-77, 2021, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS), 978-981-16-2628-9. ⟨10.1007/978-981-16-2629-6_4⟩


  • Kevin Chapuis, Taha Amine Elwaqoudi, Arthur Brugière, Eric Daudé, Alexis Drogoul, Benoit Gaudou, Doanh Nguyen-Ngoc, Huynh Quang Nghi, Jean-Daniel Zucker

    An Agent-Based Co-modeling Approach to Simulate the Evacuation of a Population in the Context of a Realistic Flooding Event: A Case Study in Hanoi (Vietnam)

    Mohd Hafiz Mohd; Md Yushalify Misro; Syakila Ahmad; Doanh Nguyen Ngoc. Modelling, Simulation and Applications of Complex Systems: CoSMoS 2019, Penang, Malaysia, April 8-11, 2019, 359, Springer, Singapore, pp.79-108, 2021, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 978-981-16-2628-9. ⟨10.1007/978-981-16-2629-6_5⟩


  • Filipo Studzinski Perotto, Nicolas Verstaevel, Imen Trabelsi, Laurent Vercouter

    Combining Bandits and Lexical Analysis for Document Retrieval in a Juridical Corpora

    Artificial Intelligence XXXVII 40th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI 2020, Cambridge, UK, December 15–17, 2020, Proceedings, 12498, , pp.317-330, 2020, Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS), ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-63799-6_24⟩


  • Romain Mejean, Martin Paegelow, Mehdi Saqalli, Doryan Kaced

    Improving Business-as-Usual Scenarios in Land Change Modelling by Extending the Calibration Period and Integrating Demographic Data

    Geospatial Technologies for Local and Regional Development, Springer, pp.243-260, 2020, 978-3-030-14745-7


  • Christophe Sibertin-Blanc, Olivier Therond, Claude Monteil, Pierre Mazzega

    The entity-process framework for integrated agent-based modeling of social-ecological systems

    Law, Public Policies and Complex Systems: Networks in Action, 42, Springer Nature Switzerland AG, pp.30, 2019, Law, Governance and Technology Series, 978-3-030-11505-0. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-11506-7_4⟩


  • Pierre Mazzega, Dominique Le Queau, Christophe Sibertin-Blanc, Daniel Sant’Ana

    Water management and development: the limits of coordination

    Boulet, Romain and Lajaunie, Claire and Mazzega, Pierre. Law, Public Policies and Complex Systems: Networks in Action, 42, Springer, pp.153-175, 2019, LGTS: Law, Governance and Technology Series book series, 978-3-030-11505-0. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-11506-7_8⟩


  • Thesis and HDR
  • Kévin Delcourt, Françoise Adreit, Jean-Paul Arcangeli, Sylvie Trouilhet

    Interactive Reinforcement Learning for Software Composition via Software Product Lines -Approach and Research Questions

    [Research Report] IRIT–RR–2022–03–FR, IRIT : Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse, France. 2022, pp.1-6


  • Emmanuel Eveno, Sinda Haouès-Jouve, Julia Hidalgo, Laurent Jégou, Mathieu Vidal, Claudia Ximena Lopez, Françoise Adreit, Stéphanie Combettes, Marie-Pierre Gleizes, Elsy Kaddoum, Christine Regis, Valérian Guivarch, Idi Amin Isaac Millan, Gabriel López-Jiménez, Jesus Revollo, Anderson Quintero

    Rapport final projet Ville Région Occitanie. CAPARI du Campus Partagé à la Région Intelligente

    [Rapport de recherche] Equipe CIEU du LISST : Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Solidarités, Sociétés, Territoires, Toulouse; IRIT : Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse; Grupo Transmisión y Distribución de Energía Eléctrica, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. 2021, pp.1-155


  • Kevin Delcourt, Françoise Adreit, Jean-Paul Arcangeli, Kahina Hacid, Sylvie Trouilhet, Walid Younes

    Automatic and Intelligent Composition of Services in Ambient Environments: A Demonstration

    [Research Report] IRIT/RR–2020–07–FR, Institut de Recherche en Informatique deToulouse. 2020


  • Maroun Koussaifi, Jean-Paul Arcangeli, Sylvie Trouilhet, Jean-Michel Bruel

    Putting the End-User in the Loop in Smart Ambient Systems: an Approach based on Model-Driven Engineering

    [Research Report] IRIT/RR–2020–06–FR, IRIT – Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse. 2020


  • Walid Younes, Sylvie Trouilhet, Françoise Adreit, Jean-Paul Arcangeli

    Principles of user-centered online reinforcement learning for the emergence of service compositions

    [Research Report] IRIT. 2019


  • Takwa Kochbati

    Smart User-Centric Modeling using Opportunistic Artefact Composition

    [Research Report] Manouba University, National School of Computer Sciences. 2018


  • Bruno Dato

    Apprentissage par Systèmes Multi-Agents Adaptatifs par feedbacks endogènes : prospectives et applications

    [Rapport de recherche] IRIT. 2017


  • Reports

    Contracts team

    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    SwITCh Simuler la transition des infrastructures de transport jusqu’à la ville durable et intelligente Frédéric AMBLARD
    2019 – 2023
    MADRAS Modélisation multi-agents de la dynamique de foules piétonnes denses : Prévoir & Comprendre Benoit GAUDOU
    2021 – 2024
    [Contract completed]
    anr Granularité des Niveaux de Pilotage en Gestion de Crise Chihab HANACHI
    2014 – 2019
    [Contract completed]
    Génération de populations synthétiques spatialisées et socialement structurées pour la simulation sociale Frédéric AMBLARD
    2014 – 2017
    [Contract completed]
    autre Les émotions dans l’interaction sociale : théorie, experimentations, étude logique et informatique
    Emiliano LORINI
    2012 – 2014
    [Contract completed]
    autre Infrastructure logicielle de gestion de contexte multi-échelle pour l’internet des objets Jean-Paul ARCANGELI
    Thierry DESPRATS
    André PÉNINOU
    2012 – 2015
    [Contract completed]
    autre Conception intégrative de systèmes complexes Marie-Pierre GLEIZES
    2009 – 2013
    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    [Contract completed]
    autre Integrated System for Interoperable sensors & Information sources for Common abnormal vessel behaviour detection & Colaborative identification of threat Marie-Pierre GLEIZES
    2010 – 2014
    AcronymeTitreResp. scDébut – fin
    [Contract completed]
    Cooperation between connexted car – Cars and Human acceptability Stéphanie COMBETTES
    2019 – 2022
    [Contract completed]
    LightCampus Carole BERNON
    2019 – 2021
    [Contract completed]
    2019 – 2022
    [Contract completed]
    Conditions de reprise de contrôle par auto-observation des situations au sein d’un véhicule autonome, connecté Marie-Pierre GLEIZES
    2018 – 2021
    [Contract completed]
    Du campus partagé à la Région intelligente Christine RÉGIS
    2018 – 2021
    WindAmak – PILE CIFRE
    [Contract completed]
    Prévision à court terme de production d’un parc éolien par système multi-agent auto-adaptatif Marie-Pierre GLEIZES
    2018 – 2020
    [Contract completed]
    Modèles Multi-Agent à Dires d’Acteurs Benoit GAUDOU
    2017 – 2022
    [Contract completed]
    Composition logicielle opportuniste pour les systèmes ambiants, mobiles et autonomes Jean-Paul ARCANGELI
    2017 – 2020
    [Contract completed]
    Meteorology & Simulation for a wind forecasting tool Marie-Pierre GLEIZES
    2016 – 2018
    [Contract completed]
    2015 – 2018

    [Contract completed]
    GENSTAR Région Frédéric AMBLARD
    2015 – 2020

    [Contract completed]
    Conception intégrative de systèmes complexes : méthodes, formalismes et outils pour l’aéronautique Jean-Pierre GEORGÉ
    2010 – 2013
    Tuesday 1 February 2022, 10h00
    Une stratégie de communication coopérative au sein d’une flotte de véhicules autonomes et connectés
    Guilhem MARCILLAUD – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, UT3, Bât. U4, Amphi. Concorde
    Friday 9 July 2021, 9h30
    Apprentissage permanent par feedback endogène, application à un système robotique
    Bruno DATO – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand et en visioconférence
    Thursday 3 June 2021, 9h15
    Un système multi-agent pour la composition logicielle opportuniste en environnement ambiant et dynamique
    Walid YOUNES – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Thursday 18 March 2021, 14h00
    Contribution to social and behavioral recommendation for coordination in crisis management
    Hanane ARIOUAT – Team SMAC, IRIT UT1 Capitole, en visioconférence
    Thursday 7 January 2021, 14h00
    Mesure d’interactions locales pour les nœuds d’un réseau complexe : approches théorique et pratique
    Mehdi DJELLABI – Team SMAC, IRIT UT1 Capitole, En visioconférence
    Friday 18 December 2020, 9h00
    Modélisation centrée utilisateur pour la configuration logicielle en environnement ambiant
    Maroun KOUSSAIFI – Team SMAC, Team SMART, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Monday 14 December 2020, 14h00
    Apprentissage dynamique du milieu ambiant et des comportements éco-citoyens
    Davide Andrea GUASTELLA – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand et en visioconférence
    Thursday 17 September 2020, 16h00
    Designing Data Warehouse: A Group collaborative approach – Soutenance de doctorat avec Label européen
    Amir SAKKA – Team ADRIA, IRIT UT1 Capitole, En visioconférence
    Friday 19 June 2020, 10h00
    Analyse automatique de traces d’activités utilisateurs pour la testabilité et l’amélioration continue de systèmes logiciels complexes par systèmes multi-agents adaptatifs
    Florent MOUYSSET – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Wednesday 3 June 2020, 9h00
    Auto-structuration de trafic temps réel, multi-objectif et multicritère dans un monde virtuel
    Augustin DEGAS – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Monday 18 July 2016 – Thursday 21 July 2016
    Workshop on Smart and Sustainable City
    Bâtiment U4
    #congres Know more
    Wednesday 15 October 2014 – Friday 17 October 2014
    ISCRAM med 2014 Conference – Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management in Mediterranean countries
    UT1 Capitole
    #congres Know more
    Wednesday 11 June 2014 – Friday 13 June 2014
    GDN 2014 : Group Decision and Negotiation
    UT1 Capitole, Manufacture des Tabacs, Salle des thèses
    #congres Know more
    Friday 16 October 2020, 13h00 – 14h30
    Simulations tangibles et interactives : exemples des projets HoanKiemAir et Gestion du système d’irrigation de Bach Hung Hai
    Benoit GAUDOU – Team SMAC, IRIT UT3 Paul Sabatier, En visioconférence
    Monday 7 January 2019, 10h30 – 12h00
    Digital Living Lab : an Australian smart city initiative
    Nicolas VERSTAEVEL – Université de Wollongong (Australie)Johan BARTHÉLEMY – Université de Wollongong (Australie) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Friday 9 June 2017, 15h00 – 16h00
    Smart City from the bottom-up — Wollongong’s Digital Living Lab
    Pascal PÉREZ – Université de Wollongong (Australie) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 15 March 2017, 11h00 – 12h00
    La révolution scientifique du complexe, la pensée du complexe et ses rapports avec la dialectique
    Janine GUESPIN-MICHEL – Professeur émérite de microbiologie (France) Maison de la Recherche, Salle D29
    Tuesday 14 March 2017, 10h00 – 12h00
    Les sciences du complexe : survol historique, les systèmes dynamiques non linéaires, un renouveau de la pensée scientifique
    Janine GUESPIN-MICHEL – Professeur émérite de microbiologie (France) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Auditorium J. Herbrand
    Wednesday 17 December 2014, 10h00
    Quelles mathématiques pour l’étude des automates cellulaires ? Quels apports pour les systèmes multi-agents ?
    Nazim FATES – INRIA (France) UT3 Paul Sabatier, IRIT, Salle des Thèses
    Friday 9 December 2016, 14h00
    Influence sociale et morphogénèse des réseaux sociaux : approche par la simulation multi-agents
    Fréderic AMBLARD – Team SMAC – IRIT Manufacture des Tabacs, salle ME001
    Friday 18 November 2016, 9h30
    Toward complex models of complex systems – One step further in the art of Agent-Based Modelling
    Benoit GAUDOU – Team SMAC – IRIT Arsenal, Salle des Thèses
    Wednesday 10 June 2020 – Friday 12 June 2020
    REPOUSSÉS À JUIN 2021 | GAMA Days 2020
    Wednesday 6 July 2016
    neOCampus : démonstrateur de campus connecté, innovant, intelligent, durable
    UT3 Paul Sabatier, Bâtiment U4, Amphi Concorde
    Wednesday 9 July 2014
    Journée scientifique neOCampus – neOCampus – neOCampus
    UT3 Paul Sabatier, Bâtiment U4, Amphi Concorde